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But just how can you create a system that has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to upgrade the ledger without giving them too much powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a Really creative way I love to call Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. All you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds easy, right
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Obviously, this guessing is all done by your PC. The stronger your computer is, the more supposes you can make in a second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to guess correctly, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining pc comes up with the ideal guess, your mining system determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents your moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who has to upgrade the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with the solution, is sent to the entire network so other computers can validate it. Its somewhat much like some Rubiks cube: The solution is quite tough to achieve but very easy to validate.
3. Every computer that validates your solution updates its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions you chose to include in the block.
4. The machine generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and rewards them as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the cube youve only entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the simple fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining component is merely a by-product of this transaction confirmation process. So the name is somewhat misleading, since the main goal of mining would be to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for each block, a different miner will suppose the number and also be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Of course, that the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but due to the law of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed every time. .
Now this page you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the principles for mining in a manner that the further mining power the network gets, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining mathematics problem. So the difficulty of this mining method is actually self-adjusting into the accumulated mining power the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it is going to get harder to address the problem; when many of them drop off, it will get easier. This can be known as mining issue.
He wanted to create a steady stream of new bitcoins into the computer system. In a sense, this was done to keep inflation in check. moved here Mining difficulty is set so that, on average, a new block will be inserted each ten minutes (i.e., the number is going to be figured each ten minutes on average). .
Now, rememberthis is on average. We can have two blocks being added minute after minute and then wait an hour for the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this kind of self-adjusting mechanism has created a sort of arms race to get the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners on the market. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and his friend Hal Finney were a couple of the only individuals mining Bitcoin back in the time using their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining issue was low. Since Bitcoin started to catch on, people looked for more powerful mining solutions.